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The unique nature of diamond is heavily dependent upon its composition crystal structure and mechanical thermal and electromagnetic properties1 Of those dependencies composition exacts the most influence over the characteristics Crystal structure is the repeating pattern of diamonds composition and each of the properties are the result of molecular interaction which is determined by composition Therefore composition is paramount in the determination of the qualities of diamond Before its discovery adamantane was known as decaterpene the name applied by Decker to his tricyclic hydrocarbon Decker believed that his decaterpene was similar in structure as the diamond lattice Decaterpene as in diamond was proposed by Decker to be highly structured and strain free2 Decker proposed decaterpene in 1924 but that was all it was until 1933 when the structure was proven to exist Isolated in the petroleum of Hodinin Czechoslovakia by Landa and Machachaeck decaterpene became incarnate3 However the fact that they found the structure Decker predicted did not mean that his nomenclature would be used to identify the compound That honor was bestowed upon its discoverers Landa and Machcahcaeck who used the Greek translation of diamond adamantane to identify the compound2 Crude petroleum is separated into its component compounds by fractional distillation The procedure involves a sample of the petroleum to be heated until the sample is vaporized leaving behind any solid impurities The resulting steam enters a fractional distillation column in which a temperature gradient had been instilled The temperature of the column decreases as the steam rises through the column The idea is that as the temperature of the column decreases the vapor temperature will decrease When the boiling point of a compound is passed the compound will condense on the sides of the column and be collected in the fraction well at that point Thus the mixture is separated into fractions of compounds with similar boiling points in a mixture4 Adamantanes high boiling point caused it to be one
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