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Women and the Global Assembly Line - discrimination women men business jobQuestion 1 Women and the Global Assembly LineA Discuss the multi-faceted reasons political social etc why womenin developing countries might be willing to work for lower wages andunder more onerous conditions In today s global marketplace women are becoming more recognizedas a labor force In the past it has always been men who were thebreadwinners Today due to various social political and economicreasons women are becoming the primary breadwinners in less developedcountries This sounds like an encouraging statistic to woman s rightsgroups around the world However these women are being exploitedrather than appreciated They are being exploited by multi-nationalcorporations which relocate their manufacturing sectors to LDC s Inthe LDC s MNC s are able to find lower labor costs and therefore lowerproduction costs Because it is assumed that women are economically dependent on mentheir attempts to gain access to jobs are frequently seen as means tosupplement the income of a male head of household Therefore thedifferentials in the wages earned by men and women are often a reflectionof the belief that men should earn more because they have families tosupport while the latter merely add to the gains of husbands andfathers Fernandez-Kelly p 88 Managers justify paying women workers less by imagining that women aremerely secondary wage earners in their families They assume that men --as fathers and husbands -- are the breadwinners This presumptionprevails not just in popular thinking but in the statistical reports ofbodies such as the national census bureau the World Bank anddevelopment agencies Enloe p 162-3 There are many other factors that contribute to the exploitationof women The situation of women in labor markets bears greatresemblance to that of migrants Fernandez-Kelly believes in both casesindividuals enter the labor force without a legitimizing ideology thatpromotes their equitable treatment p 88 Migrant workers arerestricted in that they are working illegally therefore they mustcompromise with lower wages Women are restricted in the above
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