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Word Count: 681
There are five types of rhinoceros on Earth They are the Indian Sumatran Javan Black and White rhinos All five species of rhinos are very close to extinction The rhino population made a rapid decrease in the 1970s when half of the worlds rhinos disappeared There are an estimated 10500 rhinos left worldwide Their endangerment was cause by several reasonsThe Black Rhinoceros population had decreased 90 percent since 1970 There were approximately 65000 black rhinos then and there are about 2500 now Unlike most large mammals habitat loss has not been a significant factor in the decline of these rhinos Rhino horns have always been thought to have great powers In 5th century BC a rhino horn was believed capable of rendering some poisons harmless In other times and places rhino horns were hung in a room where a woman was giving birth believing it would ease her labor pains Asians used rhino horns in traditional medicines for a thousand years without threatening the species power Most people think that the decline of rhinos is because of poaching This isnt true The cause was the soaring price of oil Young men in the Arab country of Yemen covet rhino horns for elaborately carved dagger handles symbols of wealth and status in that country Until the 1970s few men could afford these prized dagger handles But Yemen and other Middle Eastern countries are rich in oil and prices for this Black Gold climbed dramatically in that decade due to a worldwide oil shortage The result was a seven-fold increase in the per capita income in Yemen a rise in wealth that made rhino horn dagger handles within the reach of almost everyone This small country with a population of 6 million at the time suddenly became the worlds largest importer of rhino horns In order to keep the rhinos from going extinct there are some major efforts being made Some rhinos are being moved away from
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