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Zeus the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea he was the supreme ruler of Mount Olympus and of the Pantheon of gods who resided there Being the supreme ruler he upheld law justice and morals and this made him the spiritual leader of both gods and men Zeus was a celestial god and originally worshiped as a weather god by the Greek tribes These people came southward from the Balkans circa 2100 BCE He has always been associated as being a weather god as his main attribute is the thunderbolt he controlled thunder lightning and rain Theocritus wrote circa 265 BCE sometimes Zeus is clear sometimes he rains He is also known to have caused thunderstorms In Homers epic poem the Iliad he sent thunderstorms against his enemies The name Zeus is related to the Greek word dios meaning bright His other attributes as well as lightning were the scepter the eagle and his aegis this was the goat-skin of Amaltheia Before the abolition of monarchies Zeus was protector of the king and his family Once the age of Greek kings faded into democracy he became chief judge and peacemaker but most importantly civic god He brought peace in place of violence Hesiod circa 700 BCE describes Zeus as the lord of justice Zeus was also known as Kosmetas orderer Soter savior Polieos overseer of the polis -city and also Eleutherios guarantor of political freedoms His duties in this role were to maintain the laws protect suppliants to summon festivals and to give prophecies his oldest and most famous oracle was at Dodona in Epirus -northwestern Greece As the supreme deity Zeus oversaw the conduct of civilized life But the father of gods and men as Homer calls him has many mythological tales His most famous was told by Hesiod in his Theogony of how Zeus usurped the kingdom of the immortals from his father This mythological tale of Zeus struggle against the
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