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The word philosophy comes from Greek and literally means love of wisdom The Merriam- Webster dictionary defines philosophy as a critical study of fundamental beliefs and the grounds for them Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism the term is impossible to define precisely However existentialism is a philosophical movement of the 19th and 20th century that centers on the analysis of individual existence and the given situation of the individual who must assume complete responsibility for his acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad Existentialism was started in the late 19th century by philosophers who called themselves existentialists These existentialists such as Pascal Kierekegaard and Heidegger gave existentialism its foundation Jean-Paul Sartre first gave the term existentialism general currency by using it for his own philosophy He also became the leading figure of the existentialist movement in France that became internationally influential after World War II Sartre insisted that his existentialism is a form of Humanism and he strongly emphasized human freedom choice and responsibilitySartre was born in 1905 in Paris and died in 1980 He expressed his dedication to his philosophy in both what he wrote and in the way he lived his life During the 1930s he began to develop his existentialist philosophy In 1938 he published his first major work the novel Nausea which set forth his existentialist ideas He was very active politically and founded a monthly magazine which dealt with politics philosophy and art He wrote well-known plays and won the Nobel prize for literatureExistentialism is a philosophy which deals with man it states that man is that which he makes of himself that he has to make his own choices in a state of anguish Man chooses in anguish because he has no external guidelines to help him and must rely on his own morals and beliefs Choice is a very large theme in the
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