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Abstract-The objective of the present study is to explore to effect of gender on the patterns of classroom interactions between teachers and students in classrooms Twenty-four classes were observed and recorded Frequency and percentage of discourse acts produced by male and female teachers on one hand and male and female students on the other hand were computed and compared with each other According to the study male and female shared some features the patterns of teacher-student interactions were gender related Female teachers were more interactive supportive and patient with their students than male teachers Male students initiated more exchanges with their teachers female students preferred to be addressed by their teachers Male students also made more humor and gave more feedback to their teachersIntroductionAdverse gender effects have an impact on both boys and girls but that effect falls more heavily on the male half of the population in middle school simply because most middle- school teachers are female My estimates suggest that if half of the teachers in 6th7thand 8th grades were male and their effects on learning were additive the achievement gap in reading would fall by approximately a third by the end of middle school It has been generally assumed that gender is an affecting factor in the process of teacherstudent interactions in the classroom In other words gender of both teachers and students influences the quality and the quantity of the interactions in the classroom Actually teachers have been found to ask male students higher-order questions demanding critical thought make eye contacts more frequently with males than with females allow their classrooms to be male-dominated by calling on males more frequently allow males to interrupt females and respond to males with attention and females with diffidence Teachers of both genders also frequently give male students more interaction time than female students and initiate more contact with male students than with female students Classroom interactions between teachers and students put males in the
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