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Abstract One large component of American popular culture today is alcohol A common stereotype for the effects of alcohol is that as a drug it acts as a stress antagonist This theory was introduced by Conger 1956 as the Tension Reduction Hypothesis TRW It states that alcohols sedative action on the central nervous system serves to reduce tension and because tension reduction is reinforcing people drink to escape it Marlatt Rehsenow 1980 Why do we drink when do we drink and how much do we drink This research will determine the correlation between total weekly consumption of alcohol and perceived stress alcohol outcome expectancies gender coping styles and family history of alcoholism among undergraduate students Do people drink more or less when stressed Do alcohol outcome expectancies lead to higher or lower consumption Is a history of family alcoholism positively or negatively correlated to personal consumption Do the tested variables play mediating or moderating roles in stress-related drinking This research will determine the answers to these questions and determine the strength of the correlations if any Introduction The main question that this statistical model will answer is as follows Is there any correlation between drinking and gender alcohol expectancies family alcoholism stress and coping styles Gender It has been demonstrated that significant differences exist between the drinking patterns of men and women Hilton 1988 In a survey of US drinking habits conducted in 1988 by the US National Center for Health Statistics Dawson and Archer 1992 showed that there are three areas illustrating gender differences The first is the actual number of male and female drinkers The study showed that 64 of men versus 41 of women were current drinkers Second men were more likely to consume alcohol on a daily basis 175 grams of ethanol per day versus 89 grams for women Third men were more likely to be classified as
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