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Essay Japanese Modernisation By Glen Theobald Japan in modern times is one of the most technologically advanced countries in the world This modern image that Japan hasnt been around forever Japans decision to change from an old traditional country to a westernised one came in 1868 and it took only 50 years for the improvements to be made In order to successfully modernise Japan had to make several sacrifices risks and well planned out strategies These developments can be explained in 5 areas the Meiji Restoration Government Industrialisation Education and Armed Forces With the installment of the enlightened rule or the Meiji restoration Japan emerged from the world of the past into the world of the present The young Emperor was a fifteen-year-old boy but he was fortunate in having as advisors a course of the new Japan Working enthusiastically they brought about a relatively amalgamation of eastern and western cultures most of these ministers came from the samurai class and had been reared in the warrior tradition of responsibility and leadership Some who now pushed for the adoption of western methods had fought for the expulsion of the foreigners in their effort to destroy the Tokugawa Shogunate and restore the Emperor Now realizing that Japan must play an international role in the world they were united in looking towards the West They hoped to adapt western ideas while retaining the values of the East Government stability was crucial to this objective In 1873 a new tax system provided a secure revenue base and abolished the feudal land system In 1877 the conscript army defeated a major samurai revolt led by Saigo Takamori a leading figure in the imperial restoration Inflation reduced the value of government revenues and between 1881 and 1885 a rigorous deflation policy initiated by Matsasukata Masayoshi stabilized the currency The incredible speed of adaptation shown by the change in systems allowed the Restoration to go smoother and faster
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