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Word Count: 2,188
Although protection of the environment has been a topic present since the late nineteenth century it has only come into prominence as an issue in the late twentieth century The first time that the issue brought enough attention to bring together many great minds and governments came in the form of the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment This conference established the first ever North-South relationship in respect to the environment What followed was many more conferences and agreements established to protect the earth Agreements such as the Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution Agreement LRTAP 1979 the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species CITES 1971 in addition to many others In 1987 the UNs World Commission on Environment and Development produced the Brundtland Report This report aimed to fix the plethora of earlier environmental agreements Earlier agreements which failed to recognize the need to harmonize development considerations when implementing its environmental protection plans The Brundtland Report described sustainable development as the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs Baylis 1997 p318 It also centered its attention on finding strategies to promote economic and social development in ways that avoided environmental degradation over-exploitation or pollution and moved away from less productive debates about whether to prioritize development or the environment Baylis 1997 p138 Twelve years have passed and many movements have been made concerning the well being of the environment since the introduction of the Brundtland Report When examining the effectiveness of the report we will be able to see the effect that globalization has had on the implementation of substantial development during the late twentieth century The Brundtland Report brought about a new way of thinking in the area of economics when concerning the environment The report acknowledged that to keep serious problems in third world from worsening nations needed to push for economic growth This would create the capital
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