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Imperialism has existed in the world since the beginning of government all together but this practice took a dramatic turn in the latter half of the nineteenth century New inventions modern thinking and stronger governments all made imperialism easier Now thousands of miles could be conquered in a matter of months an empire could have a stronger hold on a colony than ever before The result was that by the end of the century at least one European nation had a claim to nearly every piece of land on the Earth In the early nineteenth century it would take a message 5-8 months to travel from England to India Steamships cut that time to six weeks each way but furthermore electrical telecommunications made that time for all practical purposes instantaneous This new form of communication gave imperialists the ability to maintain their empire being able to govern a colony thousands of miles away The web of cables that was so eagerly constructed around the world gave the European empires an advantage that earlier nations never could have imagined The following pages will cover the history and effects of electrical telecommunications from its beginning through the first world war They will describe the basic technology and inventors behind the telegraph following this the implication of this technology mainly by Britain and France into everyday practice will be discussed along with its effects And finally the effects on politics and economics leading up to the First World War will be discussed Samuel Finley Breese Morse Fig 1 a North American painter and inventor got the idea for the telegraph while traveling from Italy to America He began work and patented the first successful telegraph in 1838 along with a system of dashes and dots of electric pulses to represent letters Stall sec 1 The first message on a commercial telegraph cable was sent on May 24 1844 from Washington DC to Baltimore Morse sent
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