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Word Count: 531
The expansion of natural sciences affected both the intellectual and political communities during the period of Enlightenment Natural sciences are the sciences or knowledge of objects or processes observable in nature as biology or physics as distinguished from the abstract or theoretical sciences as mathematics or philosophy Proving that they are theories and questions which can be understood by experimentation and straightforward thinking As this knowledge was developed individuals from the major centers of learning began to notice these advancements and try to adapt them for their own needs These individuals became known as the philosophes Their goal was to introduce the reason and common sense of natural science to the intellectual and political circles of their day Their movement became known as the Enlightenment Politics was one of the major forums of the philosophes Their goal was to expose and fix the political abuses going on throughout Europe They tried to do that using many medians including books plays novels encyclopedias newspapers and magazines These methods were only possible because of the newly invented print culture The print culture allowed many of the great philosophe minds to flourish and sustain a living simply by writing books on the topics they wished to see reforms done upon The beliefs and ideals of the natural sciences guided their motives As these enlightened men spread their knowledge with great vigor their main targets for the ingestion of this material were men of high positions people who could make a change in society These high political individuals became known as enlightened despots because of their new understanding which came along with their political positions However the effect of the philosophes may be felt much closer to home in the form of the writers of the constitution These men as well as the leaders of Europe looked to the writings and ideas of the philosophes Through this exchange of ideas natural sciences had permanently infiltrated the realm
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