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How far did Mao Ze Dong change the face of China As China emerged from a half century of revolution as the worlds most populous nation and launched itself on a path of economic development and social change Mao Zedong its principal revolutionary thinker and for many years its unchallenged leader occupied a critical place in the story of the countrys resurgence To be sure he did not play a dominant role throughout the whole struggle In the early years of the Chinese Socialist Party he was a secondary figure though by no means a negligible one and even after the 1940s except perhaps during the Cultural Revolution the crucial decisions were not his alone Nevertheless looking at the whole period from the foundation of the Chinese Socialist Party in 1921 to Maos death in 1976 one can fairly regard Mao Zedong as the principal architect of the new China Recovery from War 1949-52 In 1949 Chinas economy was suffering from the debilitating effects of decades of warfare Many mines and factories had been damaged or destroyed At the end of the war with Japan in 1945 Soviet troops had dismantled about half the machinery in the major industrial areas of the northeast and shipped it to the Soviet Union Transportation communication and power systems had been destroyed or had deteriorated because of lack of maintenance Agriculture was disrupted and food production was some 30 percent below its highest pre-war level Further economic deficites were compounded by one of the most virulent inflations in world history The main aim the government under the leadership of Mao was to restore the economy to normal working order The administration moved quickly to repair transportation and communication links and revive the flow of economic activity The banking system was nationalized and centralized under the Peoples Bank of China To bring inflation under control by 1951 the government unified the monetary
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