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Word Count: 2,263
By the ninth century people all over were telling the fabulous tales andromances about Arthur and his kingdom The common people heard them sungby bards while in the court poets wrote different versions In each retellingthe speaker would select certain details for emphasis and introduce new elementsso that the story could be adapted to the particular time and audience Althoughmost historians believe that there actually did exist an Arthur they differon how major his role was on influencing society during his time To understand the most widely accepted view on when andhow Arthur gained fame one must be aware of the historical time periodsurrounding Arthur The unity that the Roman government imposed on Britaindisappeared around 410 AD In its place arose small villages whose rulersstruggled for political and military supremacy Around 540 a Welsh monkand historian named Gildas wrote in his book Concerning the Ruin and Conquestof Britain that The disasters that the British people suffered at thehands of the Anglo-Saxons after the Roman withdrawal were clear evidencethat god was punishing them for their sins It was during these disastersthat the monk was referring to that Arthur held up resistance for the Britonsagainst the Saxons at a time when Britain was constantly being threatenedby invaders Through being the commander who routed the battles against theenemy and thereby saving the south of Britain from distruction of the SaxonsArthur became the image of the hero and savior whose death people refusedto believe in and whose return was yearned for The opinion that Arthur was a genuine figure in historythough not the glorious King Arthur that most people know him to be is largelybased on the writings of Nennius a Welsh historian who gave the first andonly historical account of Arthurs military career in Chapter 56 Thepassage starts with a date After the death of Hengist his son Octha came fromnorthernBritain and settled in Kent whence come the kings of KentThen Arthur fought against them
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