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TITLE Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe This essay will give a brief introduction to communism It will then discuss the various factors which combined to bring about the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe It will examine each of these factors and evaluate the effect of each Finally it will attempt to assertain whether Rogers opinion see above quotation on Communism is true that is whether communism was truly doomed to fail from the start or whether its collapse was a result of external influences Communism is based on the ideas and teachings of Karl Marx as modified by Lenin At its most basic the ideal of communism is a system in which everyone is seen as equal and wealth is distributed equally among the people There is no private ownership The state owns and controls all enterprises and property The state is run by one leading elite The Soviet model of communism was based on these ideals All opposition parties were banned although parties who were sympathetic to communism and who shared the communist ideals were allowed All power was concentrated into the hands of the Communist party Free press and civil liberties were suppressed Censorship and propaganda were widely used There was state ownership of the economy No private enterprise was allowed There was a collectivisation of agriculture The Communist Party invaded and controlled every aspect of political social cultural and economic life It was a totalitarian state with complete Communist control over all facets of life In the early years and up until Gorbachevs new regime the use of force and terror as a means of maintaining control was widespread The first factor which contributed to the failure and eventual collapse of communism was the
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