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The Fifth Republics Constitution of 1958 created a mixed presidential-parliamentary form of government The Fifth Republic invested formidable power and authority in the hands of the president contrasting with the previous dominance of a weak president in the Fourth Republic France has been though many republics since the French Revolution and the county is known for its sporadic revolutions creating new republics every few years But the Fifth Republic has proved to be a relatively stable government and is continuing to do so A figurehead in most parliamentary systems the presidency in Frances Fifth Republic emerged by constitutional design as the dominant political force The President is popularly elected to an unlimited renewable seven-year term and endowed with an impressive array of powers that most heads of states could only envy In addition the president is constitutionally empowered to be the guarantor and protector of the Constitution national independence and the territorial integrity of France The president appoints the prime minister resides over the Cabinet and Council of Ministers calls for national referendum and to dissolve the National Assembly and arrange for new elections after consulting with the prime minister and the presiding officers of the National Assembly and Senate Moreover the president is also the commander in chief and can assume emergency decree authority to deal with national crises or emergencies Finally the president is also provided with a wide range of appointment powers and authority over foreign affairs and defense including the ability to negotiate and ratify treaties While the president of France head of state reflects a separation of powers due to his electorally independent position the prime minister head of government mirrors the more conventionally parliamentary model of fusion of powers and legislative accountability The prime minister is appointed by the president from the majority party or coalition and he nominates Cabinet which is in turn appointed by the president The prime ministers main function is to direct and manage the
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