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A famous American novelist Philip Kindred Dick once said It is sometimes an appropriate response to reality to go insane His wise words shed light on the cause of Hamlet and Ophelias madness in William Shakespeares play Hamlet Shakespeares Hamlet is a tragedy about the Prince of Denmark who plots revenge against his Uncle Claudius for murdering his father and then taking his crown and Queen Hamlet fakes his madness to confirm his Uncles guilt however as the character of Hamlet develops through the play the reader begins to question if Hamlets insanity is in fact real In his journey to seek revenge Hamlet manages to lose everything that was once dear to him including his beloved Ophelia Sigmund Freuds psychoanalytic theory helps the reader further understand the insanity depicted in Hamlet as it focuses on the mind of the character and reasons hisher actions Although often used as a hostage to fortune Ophelia plays an important role in the play as she completes Hamlets lunacy As Ophelias character develops through the play one can see her need for constant guidance and acceptance as part of her ego and personality The theme of using insanity as an escape from reality is repetitively seen in the play first with Hamlet as he pretends to be mad to manage the burden of revenge of his fathers death and later with Ophelia as she goes into lunacy to cope with her fathers death This shows similarity between Hamlet and Ophelias madness as they both lose their fathers and face rejection from their beloved Although similar in madness this text focuses on Ophelia and through the theme it is easy to say that Ophelias purpose in the play is to foster Hamlets madness through her own which leads back to her childhood followed by Hamlets rejection and finally the death of her father First of all Shakespeare doesnt mention Ophelias childhood in his play Hamlet however one can assume
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