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In 1870 with the onset of the Franco-Prussian War France was forced to withdraw its troops from Rome where they had secured the Popes authority since 1849 With the absence of the French soldiers Rome came under Italian rule and this same year was declared the new capital With this addition to the state the task of Italian unification was complete Finally after eleven years of plotting war and compromise Italy was one But would any of this been possible had it not been for one crucial meeting A meeting that resulted in the alliance of France and the Italian state of Piedmont that gave Piedmont the force it needed to run the Austrians off of the peninsula and make way for unification This meeting at the French spa of Plombieres between Camillo Cavour and Louis Napoleon III was most definitely the catalyst that sprung the Italian unification In this paper I plan to dissect the occurrences of the meeting as well as display its importance and unveil the underlying factors that molded the decisions that were made Cohen p 818 Cavour knew that if there was any chance of a united Italy that it would require more effort and force than Piedmont could provide Knowing this Cavour entered Italy into the Crimean War on the side of the Allies in order to get a seat at the treaty talks and in turn meet with Louis Napoleon of France and Lord Clarendon of England After meeting with both men at the Congress of Paris Cavour was convinced that it would be the French that he would rely on for assistance Orsi p 219 It is no surprise that the French were willing to aid Italy in their attempt for unification in fact there are several reasons Primarily for the reason that France and Napoleon were viewed as the protectors of nationalism in Europe which had been the case since the revolution Also
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