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Word Count: 1,366
Many people argue that the conservative movement started with an article in the National Review on November 19 1955 The name of the article was the Publishers Statement written by William F Buckley Jr the magazines editor-publisher At the age of 30 Buckley declared lets face it Unlike Vienna it seems altogether possible that did National Review not exist no one would have invented it During the first five years the magazines circulation hovered around 20000 This would be the start of a new type of thinking a newer bolder more conservative type of thinking This year 1955 would start what would be called the conservative movement The conservative movement has a vast history an active present and an expanding future The father of modern conservatism although he never used the term conservatism was the British parliamentarian Edmund Burke Burkes ideas developed as a result of his reaction to the French Revolution in 1789 In his Reflections on the Revolution in France 1790 Burke attacked the French activists for their preoccupation with theory and with ideas In America Federalists were guided by conservative principles like those of Burke American political movements did not finally divide into conservative and progressive factions until about the time of the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828 After World War II the conservatives became strident opponents of international communism Like mentioned before the Conservative movement in America started in 1955 with William F Buckleys article in the National Review The roots of conservatism formed from two completely different views of thinking One from the doctrines of classical liberalism grounded in the British emphasis on political and economic freedom The second derived from our Judaeo-Christian heritage itself As the United States approaches the halfway point in the twentieth century both views were out of style and the liberalist form of thinking was known for being assertive When Russell Kirk published The Conservative Mind in 1953 The book
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