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Word Count: 478
The Germans plan was to send two simultaneous attacks to capture the rich southern oil field of Stalingrad Hitler wasnt moved by his generals warnings that his armies were not strong enough to carry both objectives at the same time This massive military offensive was called Operation Blue In May of 1942 Hitler launched operation Blue by sending armies A and B to sweep east to Stalingrad south to Astrakan Grozny and to the Caspian Sea The Soviets knowing that the capture of Stalingrad would be catastrophic for there ability to withstand the German army still did not move in forces guarding Moscow Stalin did not want to put Moscow in a position that would vulnerable to other German attacks If the German army took Stalingrad the Soviets would be completely cut off from their own oil supply As a result the German army captured Rostov and other key cities in the Crimean region They were now ready to attack Stalingrad Now July the Axis forces had had the advantage with 250000 troops from Germany Hungary and Italy pouring into the outskirts of Stalingrad Stalin still being very stubborn kept the bulk of his forces north to protect Moscow from attack As a result Army group B moved across the Don River north of the city collapsing Soviet forces an forcing them to retreat across the entire Southern Front The German 6th Army commanded by Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus pushed forward into Soviet forces and began to enter the city from the west At the same time Stalin was moving the 64th and 62nd Armies to take position eight miles from Stlaingrad The Soviet armies were able to slow the German forces from advancing for the mean time On August 19th the 6th German Army was commanded by Paulus to strike the first attack on Stalingrad with the support of the 4th Panzer army The German army also sent 1000 planes to drop incendiary bombs
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