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The three prominent composers of the classical period were Franz Haydn Wolfgang Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven These three composers together are known as the masters of the Viennese School All three of them studied and composed their music in a time of experimentation They examined the different uses of the major-minor system and then capitalized on the possibilities From this came the ideal form the sonata Franz Joseph Haydn was born in Austria in 1732 At the age of eight he became a choirboy at St Stevens Cathedral in Vienna he stayed there for eight years At the age of sixteen Haydn got out on his own and made a living teaching and playing with bands in the streets In 1961 Haydn began to serve the Esterhazys a wealthy Hungarian family Haydns service to the Hungarian family is a perfect example of the patronage system He stayed with the family for almost thirty years After leaving the Esterhazy family in1791 he visited England twice with great success Franz Joseph Haydn died in Vienna in 1809 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in 1756 in Austria Mozart was a child prodigy At the age of 5 he composed his first minuets and at age six he performed before the Empress Maria Therese In 1763 led by his father Leopold Mozart went on tour to Paris and London visiting many courts and also played for the French and English royal families He composed his first symphony in 1765 and three years later his first opera Although his career had much promise many became disappointed with his work Unlike Haydn Mozart did not agree with the patronage system After his patron the Archbishop of Salzburg dismissed him he became a musical freelancer Mozart found it hard to find suitable work for a composer with the skills he had because of his rebellious attitude He made his living by teaching publishing music and playing at patrons houses In
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