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In August 1945 the world changed Two American atomic bombs were dropped on Japan with devastating effects On the 6th of August 1945 the Enola Gay a B- 29 Superfortress plane dropped the atomic bomb Little Boy on Hiroshima This single bomb killed 80000 people immediately and about 60000 more within six months On August 9 a second atomic bomb that ultimately killed about 70000 people was dropped on Nagasaki The dropping of these nuclear bombs is perhaps one of the most debated decisions in history There are many arguments as to whether it should or should not have happened but we will never really know the truth as we can not go into the heads of Truman and his advisors or Suzuki the Japanese Prime Minister Truman said to an aid I am going to have to make a decision which no man in history has ever had to make it is terrifying to think about what I will have to decide Trumans decision was a hard one to make as there were many reasons for and against the bombs We assume that his decision was altruistic trying to make the best possible decision based on the information that he had at the time The main reason given for dropping the bomb was that it was going to shorten the war and save American lives Truman said he had acted In order to shorten the agony of war in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans A plan for the invasion of Japan had been drawn up Operation Olympic was scheduled for November 1945 Truman was of course reluctant to launch another land invasion as he had just suffered from the battle of Okinawa The Japanese had defended their home islands with huge ferocity sending out one hundred and ninety three kamikaze planes Out of these attacks launched against the American fleet 169 were destroyed Those
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