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Word Count: 870
The Cherokee Victory The Cherokee Indians the most cooperative and accommodating to the political institutions of the united states suffered the worst fate of all Native Americans when voluntarily or forcibly moved west In 1827 the Cherokees attempted to claim themselves as an independent nation within the state of Georgia When the legislature of the state extended jurisdiction over this nation the Cherokees sought legal actions not subject to Georgia laws and petitioned the United States Supreme Court The case became known as Cherokee Nation vs Georgia in 1831 Supreme Court Justice John Marshall denied their claim as a republic within Georgia he then deemed the Cherokee as a domestic dependent nation One year later through the case of Worcester vs Georgia the Cherokees were granted federal protection from the molestation by the state of Georgia Through the Indian Removal act in 1830 President Andrew Jackson appropriated planning and funding for the removal of Native Ameri cans Marshalls rulings delayed this for the Cherokee Nation and infuriated President Jackson Marshalls decision had little effect on Jackson and ignoring this action the president was anxious to see him enforce it The federal government proceeded to find a way around this decision and had three minor Cherokee chiefs sign the Treaty of New Echota in 1835 giving the Cherokee lands to the government for 56 million dollars and free passage west Congress got the treaty ratified by only one vote Members of their tribes murdered all three chiefs who took part in the signing of the treaty After this event there was not much the Cherokees could do and were forcibly moved west on what they called and are known today as the Trail of Tears which became a constitutional crisis in our history In this instance the lack of cooperation between the branches of the government was the downfall for the Cherokee nation The way the Cherokees were forced west caused losses of
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