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The Persian Gulf War On August 2nd 1990 Iraqi military forces invaded and occupied the small Arab state of Kuwait The order was given by Iraqi dictatorial president Saddam Hussein His aim was apparently to take control Kuwaits oil reserves despite its small size Kuwait is a huge oil producer it has about 10 per cent of the worlds oil reserves Iraq accused Kuwait and also the United Arab Emirates of breaking agreements that limit oil production in the Middle East Accordingto Saddam Hussein this brought down world oil prices severely and caused financial loss of billions of dollars in Iraqs annual revenue Saddam Hussein had the nearly hopeless task of justifying the invasion He plead the fact that Kuwait had been part of the Ottoman province of Basra a city in the south of Iraq However the Ottoman province collapsed after World War I and todays Iraqi borders were not created until then There was also a further and more obvious blunder in a bid to justify this illegal invasion Baghdad the capital of Iraq had namely recognized Kuwaiti independence in 1963 Furthermore Hussein claimed that Kuwait had illegally pumped oil from the Iraqi oil field of Rumaila and otherwise conspired to reduce Iraqs essential oil income By invading Kuwait Iraq succeeded in surprising the entire world The USA ended her policy of accommodating Saddam Hussein which had existed since the Iran-Iraq war Negative attitude toward Iraq was soon a worldwide phenomenon The United Nations Security Council passed 12 resolutions condemning the invasion The ultimate decision was to use military force if Iraq did not withdraw unconditionally by January 15 1991 Then when the deadline was set it was time to start preparing for the worst-the war President George Bush confronted little difficulty in winning Americans support for the potential war against Iraq However the government found it difficult to decide upon and state one overriding reason
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