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THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT WHICH CONTRIBUTED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ATOMIC BOMBThe New York Press reports New hope for releasing the enormous stores of energy within the atom has arisen from German scientists World famous Niels Bohr of Copenhagen and Enrico Fermi of Rome both Nobel prize winners acclaim this experiment as one of the most important in recent years Fermi now realized that his new element 93 had been a product of splitting the uranium atom At this time the release of nuclear energy was at once recognized for its potential use in an explosive weapon Fiction was soon becoming fact Yass 20Otto Hahn writes a paper to Fermi stating that if technology to split uranium was discovered it would lead to the construction of bombs which would be extremely dangerous in general and particular in the hands of certain governments Everyone knew which government he meant This was a chance the Nazis were not likely to overlook At this time Hitler stopped exports of uranium ore from nazi-occupied Czechoslovakia and ordered every scientist in the field of physics chemistry and engineering to drop all research and devote themselves to this work Yass 21Fermi approaches the USA with the help of Albert EinsteinEnrico Fermi with his knowledge of Italian dictatorship was desperate to convince Allied defence authorities of the dangers of Nazi Germanys work on nuclear fission Fermi approached Einstein and Einstein signed a long letter to President Roosevelt calling for intensive research into a possible bomb Some recent work by E Fermi and LSzilardleads me to expect that the element uranium may be turned into a new and important source of energy in the near futureIt may become possible to set up a nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium by which vast amounts of powerwould be generatedIt is conceivable that extremely powerful bombs of a new type may thus be constructed It became evident that the enemy should not produce
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