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Ancient Egyptian Government The Egyptians were among the first groups of civilizations formed and is today one of the worlds oldest continuous civilizations Egyptian civilization spread throughout the Nile River Valley and people found that living there provided them with a safe environment Over time Egypt was separated into two governments called the Upper Kingdom and the Lower Kingdom Around 3100 BCE the ruler of Upper Egypt Menes conquered the Lower Kingdom and united both kingdoms This ushered in a line of native rulers lasting nearly 3000 years During the Old Kingdom which lasted from about 2700 BCE to 2200 BCE Egyptian rulers were called pharaohs The pharaoh was considered to be a living embodiment of God This is why the Egyptians considered his power absolute Workers and farmers were forced to build pyramids for the pharaohs This process took a very long time and required much planning and organization Historians came to the conclusion that slaves were not used to build the pyramids by findings of worker burial grounds near the pyramids Slaves did not receive proper burials Egyptians were forced to pay taxes through goods and labor Citizens were drafted into the army for periods of time in order to pay a labor tax called a corve Most Egyptian people were peasants who worked as farmers along the Nile River They had no say in government but did not challenge this fact During the late summer and early autumn months when the Nile flooded their fields the peasants would go to Giza to put in their time on the pyramids They believed this would ensure their own afterlife as well as benefit the future and prosperity of Egypt In order to keep city people kind and loving to each other the government of Ancient Egypt told the Egyptians about Osiris Osisis had ruled Egypt until his brother killed him and cut him into pieces His wife Isis found
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