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In the 1960s time-sharing brought about the first interactive access to computers This was a mix of data transmission technology and a teletypewriter The result was an interactive terminal These terminals were connected to a server with low-speed lines allowing the users to interact with the computer and take advantage of its resources Time-sharing gave multiple users the ability to use the computer at the same time for completely separate tasks and provided them with interactive feedback about what their programs were doing Demand for the services of these large computers increased which meant upgrades had to be made frequently to keep the processing power ahead of the users needs These systems called Mainframes had been designed to provide computing power but did not have the flexibility to satisfy the growing set of applications Military action also in the 1960s used networks to communicate to one another It worked like the time-sharing network They needed this network to communicate between cities bases and states There needed to be a network that would be able to work after a nuclear strike They came up with a hot potato network Basically the information would be tossed like a hot potato from user to user until it reached its destination During the 1970s and 1980s networking was continuously being upgraded Businesses schools and the government needed faster networking capabilities to handle all the people that were using the basic time-sharing network In 1975 the first personal computer was marketed in kit form This computer was called the Altair Bill Gates with others wrote a BASIC program for the machine so it could perform small tasks The next year Apple began to market its PCs also in kit form In 1976 Queen Elizabeth went on-line with the first royal e-mail messageThe Internet as we know today as the Information Superhighway was introduced in 1989 It was formed through a long chain of networks It was a lot smaller back
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