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Word Count: 722
1 Opening paragraph 2 History of armor a What armor is b Origin of armor 3 What armor consists of a Early Medieval armor b Late Medieval armor 4 Types of weapons used a Swords b Maces and axes 5 Closing paragraph In the Medieval era many knights used armor to protect themselves from injury To defend themselves they used weapons such as swords maces axes lances nets crossbows and a variety of other crude but effective weaponry The above is explained in greater detail below The History of Armor Armor is equipment of various materials used to protect the body in combat The oldest protective device of armor is the shield but the earliest body armor was a wide belt worn to protect the abdomen invented by the Egyptians in 3000 BC They later developed the belt into a wrap-round garment covering the wearer from his armpits to his knees It was held up by shoulder straps and contained no metal In 1400 BC Syrians improved this wrap-around garment by reinforcing it with bronze scales sewn onto a fabric backing or laced together in flexible rows of lamellae The Samarians were the first to introduce the helmet in 3000 BC It was basically a tight-fitting cap made of copper The Assyrians improved the helmet by adding protective ear flaps What Armor Consists Of In the 11th century a knights armor consisted of a thigh-length shirt of mail with elbow-length sleeves and a helmet complete with nose-guard In the 12th century it gained a hood of mail and the sleeves were extended to full-length ending in mittens Mail chausses protected the legs A mail shirt contained up to 250000 metal rings and weighed about 25 pounds TIn the 11th century the oval-shaped shield
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