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Word Count: 843
The African slave trade spanning from ca1644- ca1867 was a momentousera in the history of the African Continent During this periodEuropeans eager for cheap labor to cultivate crops in the new worlddescended on the African continent and began trading slaves Over theyears the slave trade grew culminating in the middle of the nineteenthcentury Due to a lack of record keeping no exact number of Africanstransported is known A consensus between scholars indicates roughly 12million African were sent over seas while another 8 million were keptenslaved on the continent Majority of slaves during this time camefrom areas in West Africa known today as GhanaThe African slave trade was devastating for the African continent andits population During this time natives were being shipped across theAtlantic Ocean by the boatload The exact number is unknown due to thelack of records kept Many scholars believe that the number varies fromeight to twelve million but there is no exact number on record BasilDavidson in his book The African Slave Trade suggests that the declinein population was due to the large number of Africans being sentoverseas Davidson states I must stress is the merest guess atthe probable maximum figure having no statistical foundation-we arriveat a grand total of twenty-one million Davidson 271 This totalcomes from the twelve million that arrived in America the estimated twomillion that were lost on the travel over seas and the seven millionthat were lost before the voyage The slave trade had long lasting effects on the African continent someof which can been seen today Many of the countries that areeconomically undeveloped today are the countries where a majority ofslaves were taken from Nathan Nunn in his article The Long-Term Effectsof Africas Slave Trades states countries that were initially themost economically and socially underdeveloped were selected into theslave trades and these countries continue to be the most underdevelopedtoday Nunn 2 This slave trade was unique due to the fact thatindividuals of the same race were conducting
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