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1 Winston Churchill took the first step towards a European Union in 1946 he called for a United States of Europe This Union was going to be very strong and it has developed some very important decisions since 1946 In 1948 the Congress of Europe brought all the European movements together in The Hague The first really big change that EU accomplished took place in 1950 The Treaty of Rome was signed and that was the beginning of EEC the European Economic Community The Common Market included six countries Germany Belgium France Italy Luxembourg and the Netherlands These countries decided in 1959 to reduce the customs between them Another milestone for EU took place in 1979 the European Monetary System EMS and the ECU was established In 1989 11 members decided to adopt a European Social Charter they also approved the German reunification The European Economic Area EEA was created in 1991 in one market of 380 million inhabitants Another huge milestone for EU was the signing of the Maastricht Treaty a total of 12 Foreign Affairs Ministers signed it Austria Finland and SWEDEN joined EU in 1995 Since 1987 many other countries have applied to join the European Union Turkey Cyprus Malta Switzerland and in 1994 Hungary and Poland Today there is a total of 15 countries in EU I am going to end this overview with a phrase by Robert Schuman Europe will not be built all at once or as a whole It will come about by concrete achievements creating first of all de facto solidarity 2aThe European council is a very important part of EU when it comes to decision making It was established in the early 60s but it took until 1974 before it was named European Councils This department brings together the Heads of State or Government of the fifteen Member States of the European Union and the President of the European Commission They meet at least two
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