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Word Count: 1,378
The history of art is comprised of multiple styles Eras like Baroque from the 17th and Renaissance from the 16th century formed by artists liking a particular aesthetic technique Factors like boredom and the urge to stay creative can easily sway and re-stylize a painting But what happens when the idea comes first and style is an afterthought The idea becomes so important to the artists that it needs rules followers and manifestos In his own definition the creator of Surrealism Andre Breton defines the movement as Pure psychic automatism by which one proposes to express either verbally in writing or by any other manner the real functioning of thought Dictation of thought in the absence of all control exercised by reason outside of all aesthetic and moral preoccupation Breton Manifesto of Surrealism Although the idea of automatism was not new Surrealism in one decade managed to attract talented artists world wide The movement managed to leave its mark decades after morphing into Abstract Expressionism Two artists on the forefront of surrealism were Joan Mir and Salvador Dal both of Spanish decent and possibly the most famous artists within that community During the 20th century psychology was spreading like a wild fire Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung were on the forefronts of many minds The idea of automatism was not new Psychoanalytic activities such as automatic writing and drawings were used during the avant-garde Dada momentIn the 1940s the rise of Nazism caused many artists to flee Europe and take refuge in America especially New York City The ideas of what was surreal soon morphed into what we know as Abstract Expressionalism Once again the techniques are the same but no manifesto and just the sincere need to re-define what the avant-garde is Artists like Jackson Pollock were controversial in this period of art history His ideas were both fascinating and confusing initially Pollock to this day is iconic yet still picked apart because his
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