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Manitoba is one of Canadas three Prairie Provinces It lies midway between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans Winnipeg is the capital of Manitoba It is also its largest city Winnipeg is the main transportation center linking eastern and western Canada It is also the providences main industrial center where most of the population of Manitoba lives Who Woulda Thought The word Manitoba came from the Algonquian language of the Indians The tribe thought that Manito or Great Spirit made the echoing sound that came from the Strait of Manitoba These sounds were made by the waves smashing against limestone ledges on the shore The Indians called this part of the lake Manito the Great Spirits strait Manitobas nickname is the Keystone Province This nickname came about because of Manitobas location Manitoba is located in the central or keystone position of the arch formed by the ten provinces of Canada When the first explorers and fur traders arrived in Manitoba five Indian tribes already lived in that region The Chipewyan Indians hunted caribou across the northern section The Woods Cree hunted beavers and moose and lived in the central forests The Plains Cree fished and trapped animals in the plains and wooded lowlands The Assiniboine lived in the southwestern plains They were buffalo hunters 1612 1690 1812 Sir Thomas Button leader of the first white people in Manitoba reached the west coast of the Hudson Bay is 1612 He claimed the land for England In 1670 King Charles II of England granted trading right in this region In 1690 Henry Kelsey of the Hudsons Bay Company explored inland to what is now southern Manitoba In 1738 Pierre Gaultier de Varenesses Sieur de La Verendrye a French-Canadian fur trader arrived in Winnipeg The first permanent settlement in Manitoba was the Red River Colony It was established in 1812 by Scottish and Irish settlers Louis Riel led people of mixed white and Indian decent called metis in the
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