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In 1976 Ebola virus made its first appearance in Zaire Africa causing the death of hundreds of people The second outbreak occurred western Sudan also in 1976 These were large outbreaks resulting in more than 550 cases and 340 deaths In 1979 Ebola mysteriously re-appeared in Sudan causing 34 cases and 22 fatalities The most recent Ebola Zaire outbreak started with a surgery on a suspected Malaria patient in Kikwit Zaire on April 10 1995 As in the 1976 outbreak further transmission of the virus in Kikwit occurred though close personal contact with infectious blood and other body fluids Members of the surgical team then developed symptoms similar to those of a viral hemorrhagic fever disease The Ebola Zaire in Kikwit spread quickly but investigation and control of the outbreak come from a combined effort of medical teams from the US Center for disease Control and Prevention CDC the World Health Organization and from other health organizations in Belgium France and South Africa Since July 1 1995 233 deaths have been reported among the 293 cases in Africa Garrett 195 Since 1976 researchers have searched for an origin and cure of the virus Scientist have carried out numerous studies and investigations Therefore we now know what the virus is capable of doing how those infected with the disease can be properly treated and the need to perform prompt action to isolate the virus before it disperses Garrett 192 The Ebola virus is a member of a family of RNA viruses known as filoviruses which consist of the Marburg virus and four Ebola viruses Ebola Zaire Sudan Reston and Tai are the five different viruses that have been known to cause disease in humans while Ebola Reston only causes disease in monkeys Filoviruses arenaviruses flaviruses and bunyaviruses are the viruses responsible for causing viral hemorrhagic fevers All forms of virus of viral hemorrhagic fever begin with fever and muscle aches These diseases usually progress
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