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Standardization of the English LanguageThere are several important events before 1500 that when listed togethershow a series of steps inthe struggle for English language supremacy These steps are mainlygovernmental legal and officialevents that pushed English usage In 1356 The Sheriffs Court in Londonand Middlesex wereconducted in English for the first time When Parliament opened in 1362the Statute of Pleading wasissued declaring English as a language of the courts as well as ofParliament but it was not until 1413 that English became the officiallanguage of the courtseverywhere Thirteen years later in 1423 Parliament records start beingwritten in English 1400marks date that English is used in writing wills a seemingly smallstep but one that impacted manypeople and began a legacy of record keeping in English In 1450 Englishbecame the language usedin writing town laws and finally 1489 saw all statutes written inEnglish But it was not until 1649 thatEnglish became the language of legal documents in place of LatinThe formal rules intended to keep the use of French in officialcapacities were not enough to combatthe effects of the Black Death and the Hundred Years War between Franceand England whichboth contributed greatly to the rise of English and fall of French Bythe fourteenth century Englishwas again known by most people although French was not forgottenand the people who spoke French were generally bilingual The Statuteof Pleading made it law thatEnglish and not French would be used in the courts However it needs tobe emphasized that at theend of this statement it says that after the pleadings debates etc in Englishwere finished they should be entered and enrolled in Latin Englishbecame the official language ofthe court in 1413 but French was permitted until the eighteenthcenturyMore than the official bureaucratic changes in rules and law were thechanges in the use of thelanguage by the everyday speakers The changes that distinguish EarlyModern English from MiddleEnglish are substantial The rules for spelling were set down for thefirst timeThe key is the new
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