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The Hopi and The Mande A Comparative Cultural Analysis Tradition is defined as a set of customs and beliefs that are largely stable through time the passing down of elements of a culture from generation to generation especially by oral communication It is through tradition that the Hopi Indians of Northeast Arizona and the Mande people of West Africa have been able to survive as distinct cultures in this rapidly changing world The art of oral tradition or historical storytelling has been the main resource for the continuous education of children in these cultures and will continue to play a vital role in the progression of their civilizations The arts cosmogony music and agricultural influences of these cultures are related in many different ways and all contribute to their distinguishing qualities The Mande People are renowned for the wide variation in their religious linguistic and social practices Also called the Mali or Mandingo the Mande People are primarily located on the Savanna Plateau of Western Africa They rely heavily on their natural surroundings for survival Mande agriculture is based on shifting hoe cultivation and their primary crops are rice yams and cassava although cattle are also kept for trade The Mande live in small towns and villages which make up sections Each section is headed by a chief who is the eldest descendent of the founder of the area The chief is a secular leader only the ritual power belongs to the secret poro society The secret poro society is in charge of enforcing Mande law education and regulation of sexual conduct and military training Mande society consists of two main groups the Horonw and the Nyamakalaw The Horonw are the kings and rulers of Mande society They are people of the earth the aristocracy the warriors the commoners and they make up the majority of the population who live in the village The Nyamakalaw are an endogamous group that is thought to possess
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