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Many childrens television programs involve a substantial amount of violence in one form or another What impact if any might these programs what impact if any might these programs have on the development of aggression Since the advent of television there has been growing concern about the apparent effects of violence on the attitudes values and behaviours of children Much of the research has focused on the effects of violence on television and aggression expressed by children Some researchers and theorists believe that violence on television is inextricably linked to human aggression while do not believe a conclusive body of evidence exists to justify this view The debate surrounding whether violence on television influences childrens aggressive behaviour has typically occurred within a social learning framework There have been two major criticisms of the current debate The first of these attacks questions the validity of applying effects found in laboratory studies to the real-world More specifically these criticisms address the artificial and unrealistic nature of the laboratory evidence used to illustrate an effect between viewing violence on television and expressed aggression in children The second argument attacks the use of the social learning framework as it ignores any evidence which might suggest a biological or genetic component to human aggression eg Miles Carrey 1997 Social learning theory however manages to successfully address these criticisms thus maintaining its status as the major single theory used to explain the influence of viewing violent programs on childrens levels of aggression Neapolitan 1981 Walter Aubrey 1971 Bandura 1965 Berkowitz Alioto 1973 Social learning theory explains human behaviour in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive behavioural and environmental influences of the individual A prominent proponent of social learning theory is Albert Bandura The social learning theory of Bandura emphasises the importance of observing and modelling the behaviours attitudes and emotional reactions of others Two basic principles are involved in observational learning acquisition and
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