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The Dred Scott case was the final blow to Abolitionists It ended the notion of freedom for African Americans What makes this case interesting is the role the justices play on the issue of slavery In 1856 a slave Dred Scott sued his master Doctor Emmerson Scott claimed that Emmerson had taken him from Missouri into the Northwest The Supreme Court finally processed the case in 1857 and Chief Justice Taney delivered the decision on March 6th It declared three things First according to the constitution Negroes are not citizens of the United States Daily Courier Secondly the Ordinance of 1857 had no independent legal effect subsequently to the adoption of the constitution and could not operate of itself to confer freedom or citizenship within the Northwest Territory on Negroes not citizens by the constitution Lastly he also declared the Provision Act of 1820 commonly called the Missouri Compromise so far as it is understood to exclude Negro slavery from and communicate freedom and citizenship to Negroes in the northern part of the country is unconstitutional Illinois State Register Justice Catron stated that because the plaintiff was a Negro of African blood he then had no rights as a citizen of Missouri to maintain a suit in the Circuit Court Tourolaw This case gave hard blows to Abolitionists Seven out of two judges reinforced what the south had been endorsing for many years that slavery is beyond the limits of the Constitution and that it slavery is guaranteed by the constitutional compact Southern papers mocked the Union and its abolitionist and praised the Supreme Courts ruling It is apparent in here from one article It appears that we Secessionists have been all the while not disturbing the law not intruding novelties upon the country not seeking to break up established principles but that we have been simply a step in advance of the highest tribunal in the country in declaring what
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