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Implications of Neanderthal-Homo Sapiens Hybrid from the Abrigo do Lagar Velho Portugal In a recent excavation at Abrigo do Lagar Velho in Portugal Duarte et al 1999 unearthed what was later to be recognized as early human skeletal remains which pointed to interbreeding between Neanderthal and Modern Humans during the mid - upper Palaeolithic transition The morphology of the remains belonging to a child of approximately 3-4 years old indicates a Neanderthal typology in post-cranial features and more modern cranial features The find has been cited as evidence of hybridization between the two traditionally separate human lines and offers an explanation to the question of Neanderthal extinction Trinkaus 1999 Anthropologists are now offered a line of evidence pointing to the contemopranity of Moderns and Neanderthals in parts of Europe and assumptions can be made about their contact The discoverersare making a ground-breaking claim that the skeleton shows traces of both Neanderthal and modern human ancestry evidence that modern humans did not simply extinguish the Neanderthals as many researchers had come to think Instead the two kinds of human were so alike that in Portugal at least they intermingledfor thousands of years Kunzig 1999 By examining the theories of human evolution and looking at the cultural evolution of tool technology as well as the biological transitions and differences between the two types of humans we can see that this hybridization just might be the answer Perhaps this find will be able to tell us what exactly did happen to the Neanderthals Firstly it is useful to have an overview of the different theories of human evolution or I should say the two most widely accepted views as accepted by palaeo-anthropologists in the field For some years now it has been the contention that the origins of modern humans stem from either a continuous evolution from archaic to modern humans in local regions from an earlier dispersal of Homo erectus or conversely from modern humans evolved in
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