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Art in traditional non-industrial societies was always fundamentally associated with the sacred meaning it participated in the realm of deity In fact the term art as it is used today was not a term found in most cultures of the past The artifacts paintings sculpture and other stylized material objects created by ancient cultures which are regarded as art today were used instead by those people for very real purposes Before the time of ready-made paints and duplicate printmaking endeavors into the creation of objects other than those absolutely necessary for survival were time-consuming indeed and required special preparation and planning Everything that human beings used was found in nature and thus the relationship of man to his environment was reinforced everyday his very survival depended upon it Because of the direct nature of mans tie to the Earth ancient beliefs about the sacred were also based upon nature and the respect and reverence given to the natural world was much greater than it is today Ceremonies and rituals were practiced frequently often in accordance with seasonal changesharvesting times and moon patterns Animals were paid homage and were often believed to be the ancestors of humans and thus were regarded with kinship and respect Features of the landscape unusual geological formations certain hills or caves were thought to possess mystical powers or be divine creations themselves As a wholehumans were more aware of their connection and dependence on the forces of nature and sought to live in harmony with these forces Thus ancient art was a reflection of this holistic worldview forever tied to nature and connected to the sacred The practice of drypainting is one example of native or tribal creative expression which has been used throughout the world in a primarily religious context Wyman 249 Two cultures which practice drypainting are the Dineh or Navajo the largest group of native Americans in the United States who live in present-day
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