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Virtue conformity to a standard of right Merriam- Webster 812 Virtues contribute to peoples actions in todays society Society as a whole has a common set of virtues that many people agree on In todays society these are known as laws Virtues also mold the individual outlook on life and give them the morals to do what is right In The Republic Plato divides the city into three classes gold silver as well as bronze and iron souls Each class is designated to posses a specific virtue He believes that wisdom courage moderation and justice combine together to form The Republic However Platos four virtues individually do not necessarily produce a utopian society A combination of the four in each citizen is imperative in producing the ideal societyIn Platos search for the perfect republic he decides that the basis of the city will be on four virtues The first of them is wisdom Plato defines wisdom in Greek terms Sophia as knowledge of the city as a whole Of the three classes the gold souls posses the virtue of wisdom The gold souls are the only class whose knowledge goes beyond the mere facts to the level of true wisdom This class which properly has a share in that knowledge which alone among the various kinds of knowledge ought to be called wisdom has as it seems the fewest members by nature 429a The second virtue that Plato defines is courage which in Greek terms is Andreia Courage is the preservation of the opinion produced by law through education about what things are terrible and what things are good Courage can be found in the silver souls Plato uses the example that when dyers want to dye wool they start with the background They need the right kind of white material and they have to prepare it carefully and if they go to this trouble you can not bleach the color out If they
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