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This chapter takes place in the upper room in Jerusalem This was during the Passover feast though some scholars say otherwise Jesus was speaking only to the disciples The first part of the chapter is devoted to the analogy of the vineyard and its branches The second part is talks about the future relationship with the world This is an important chapter which deals with not only relationship with Jesus and the Father but also with the outside community1I am the true vine and my Father is the gardener egw eimi h ampeloV h alhqinh kai o pathr mou o gewrgoV estiThe scene must be kept in mind The Lord and his disciples had just eaten the last supper He had said Arise let us go forth John 1431 They had risen but were still standing in the room On the table from where they had just risen was the fruit of the vinewine and the Lord had said he would never drink it again upon the earth Matthew 267 JohnsonThere are numerous Old Testament passages which refer to Israel as a vine Ps 808-16 Isaiah 51-7 Jeremiah 221 Ezekiel 151-8 175-10 1910-14 and Hosiah 101 The vine became symbolic of Israel and even appeared on some coins issued by the Maccabees The Old Testament passages which use this symbol appear to regard Israel as faithless to why andor the object of severe punishment Ezek 151-8 in particular talks about the worthlessness of wood from a vine in relation to disobedient Judah A branch cut from a vine is worthless except to be burned as fuel This appears to fit more with the statements about the disciples than with Jesus description of himself as the vineEzek 175-10 contains vine imagery that refers to a king of the house of David Zedekiah who was set up as king in Judah by Nebuchadnezzar Zedekiah allied himself to Egypt and broke his covenant with Nebuchadnezzar and therefore also
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