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Throughout the ages there have been many different laws and punishments used to bring order to societies In America today we use a system of justice which we modeled after the Greek states of thousands of years ago In Aeschylus The Eumenides we see the birth of the civil justice system as we use it today Before Athens became a great power the people relied on vengeance as justice which the Greeks described as the supernatural beings of the Furies In The Eumenides Aeschylus introduces a new type of order civil justice through the Gods Apollo and Athena The gods are no longer caught in the middle of human affairs with dire results Before Athena introduced the jury system into Greek society the people relied on the Gods to exact vengeance Show us the guiltyand up from the outraged dead we rise witness bound to avenge their blood we rise in flames against him to the end Eumenides lines 316-320 Many of them carried out vengeance themselves and said the Gods had declared justice A great example of how the early Greeks relied on the Gods for punishment was the house of Atreus as described in Aeschylus The Oresteia A curse ran through the family for generations and would have continued had Athena not intervened and created a jury system Agamemnon sacrificed his daughter for favorable winds and Clytaemnestra murdered him in part because of this Orestes then avenged his father by killing Clytaemnestra his mother The Furies who wanted to kill him for his matricide then chased Orestes Had they succeeded his children and childrens children would probably have carried on the tradition of murder and destruction Like Clytaemnestra Orestes believed he had a just motive for murder When Clytaemnestra murdered her husband she did not ask the Gods if she was carrying out justice She sought and carried out her own justice which was really revenge Before Orestes murdered his mother he was
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