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The famous psychologist Carl Jung believed that the universe and all of its inhabitants are made up of a measureless web of thought called the collective unconscious its suggests that the collective unconscious is rooted in the genetic code of every living thing This collective unconscious is evident in an individuals personality which is comprised of five separate personalities blended together these are called archetypes In Jungian psychology there are five different archetypes the shadow anima animus persona and the wise old man or mana-personality Each influences a different aspect of ones personality These influences vary from one individual to another depending upon the dominance of each archetype In the play Hamlet each one of these archetypes manifests itself as a dominant personality trait within one of the plays main characters It is also apparent that the collective unconscious itself is an underlying theme which exists throughout the events in the play Although these concepts have only recently been discussed and proposed as a psychological theory it appears that they pre-date Jung by three hundred years I will provide proof of this hypothesis through parallels between Jungs work and the play Carl Jung believed that the structure of the human psyche is comprised of three main parts the conscious personal unconscious and the collective unconscious refer to figure 1 The conscious is basically the function or activity which maintains the relation of psychic contents with the ego or ones state of awareness Personal unconscious consists of experiences or memories that can be recalled by an individual either through the will of the person or by employing special technique eg Hypnosis The final part of the psyche is the collective unconscious which can be considered something that links us all together It is the reservoir of our experiences as a species a kind of knowledge the human race are all born with of which we can never be directly conscious of refer to figure 2 The
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