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Writers that Influenced our Government Locke and Rousseau were two philosophers who both wrote about human nature Both philosophers agreed that before civilized man began to govern himself man existed in a state of nature These philosophers recognized that people develop a social contract within their society Even though Locke and Rousseau each had different views on what exactly the social contract is and how it is established they both agreed that certain freedoms had been surrendered for societys protection and that the government has definite responsibilities to its citizens They both agreed that before men came to govern themselves they all existed in a state of nature The state of nature is the condition men were in before political government came into existence and what society would be if there was no government John Locke was born at Wrington Somerset on August 29 1932 He had attended the University of Oxford Locke had spent his boyhood in Beluton near the village of Pensford John Locke was an Oxford scholar medical researcher and physician politician and economist John Locke was the man who presented the idea of separation of church and state Jean Jacques Rousseau was born on June 28 1712 in Geneva Switzerland His mother died shortly after his birth and when he was a boy of ten years his father fled the county to escape criminal charges His aunt and uncle raised him until the age on sixteen when he left Geneva and wandered from place to place He eventually settled in Paris in 1742 earning a living by doing all jobs from footman to an assistant to an ambassador of church and state Rousseaus most important work is The Social Contract that describes the relationship of man with society Even though both Locke and Rousseau agreed that man is free naturally Locke argued that the state of nature lacked impartial judges precise laws and sufficient power to uphold moral
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