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According to BF Skinner reinforcement is anything within the environment that strengthens a behavior In this sense he defines both positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement and their affects on behavior A positive reinforcer is one that increases the probability of a given behavior whereas a negative reinforcer increases the probability that a preceding behavior will occur ie avoiding loud noises To this end it is hypothesized that a person with high frequency of positive self-reinforcement is likely to have high self-esteem Method Participants Forty participants were selected for this study and ranged in age from 16-55 years There were 25 female participants and 14 male participants in the study All participants were selected from a convenience sample of friends and family of students from California Lutheran University Materials For both the Frequency of Self-Reinforcement Questionnaire FSRQ and the Self-Esteem Questionnaire ISE a piece of paper pencil and self-report surveys were administered to measure self-reinforcement and self-esteem in this study The FSRQ consisted of 30 statements to which the participant responded on a 4-point scale from never descriptive of me to most of the time descriptive of me The range of possible scores for this survey is 0 to 90 For the FSRQ a high score indicates great frequency of self-reinforcement however scores below 16 indicate serious deficits in self-reinforcement skills The FSRQ has good parallel validity as demonstrated by correlations between FSRQ scores and self-monitoring of self-reinforcement and experimenter ratings of respondents tendency to engage in self-reinforcement The ISE consisted of 25 statements to which the participant responded on a 5-point scale from rarely or none of the time to most or all of the time The range of possible scores for this survey is 0 to 100 For the ISE higher scores give more evidence of the presence of problems with self-esteem scores above 30 indicate the respondent has a clinically significant problem and scores below 30 indicate the respondent has no
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