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Throughout history navies have made significant impacts in the technological development of human kind These impacts range from improvements in metal technologies made while perfecting the cannon to the advent of cyberneticswhich allowed more precise targeting of weaponry One of the more sophisticated developments in naval history has been the invention of the submarine The submarine was born in 1620 as a leather-covered rowboat built by Cornelius Drebbel After Robert Fulton came up with a more modern prototype in 1800 the military advantages of a nearly invisible warship were quickly divined However they remained unrealized for quite a while Although Fulton probably foresaw that his invention would be used for war he hardly could have envisioned it launching projectiles with the capability to level entire countries However after a series of innovations in nuclear missile and submarine designs the submarine-launched ballistic missile has become an integral part of our naval weapons arsenal To understand the need for the development of nuclear missile submarines there is a need to examine the political climate of the world in the era after World War II The realignment of the superpowers after the war resulted in a unique situation The two major naval powers of the day Great Britain and the United States were now allied against the greatest land power in history in the Soviet Union In the period from 1955 to 1965 the advantage was heavily in favor of the US As the United States had developed the atomic and hydrogen bombs first they obviously gained a head start which developed into a decisive nuclear advantage This advantage acted as an effective deterrent to any Soviet movement into Western Europe However as the Soviet nuclear arsenal expanded mostly during the Kennedy administration it became necessary to effect a balance in the area of conventional warfare or to make more inroads in nuclear weapons development Before this could be accomplished however advancements in submarine technology had to made
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