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Affirmative Action Have you ever wondered what effect discrimination laws and diversity have on our American society today as a whole The issue of affirmative action has been a highly controversial topic since its origin in the mid-1960s It began as a program to correct the past discrimination by temporarily favoring individuals whose classification had been victimized in the past It increased opportunities for minorities by favoring them in hiring and promotion the awarding of government contracts wider recruiting efforts and one of the most highly controversial being college admissions where they are giving extra points on qualification exams to disadvantaged groups Affirmative action is a growing argument among our society It is multifaceted and often defined vaguely Some can define it as the ability to strive for equality and diversity while others might see it as a quota-based system for different minority groups Is it a helping hand to equalize opportunity or is it reverse discrimination Education Central When affirmative action was first presented to the Supreme Court it was introduced in the case of The University of California v Blakke 1978 In this case the medical school of the University of California had decided that the best way to increase minority enrollment was to give certain advantages to minority applicants Each entering class reserved 16 of 100 places for minority groups When a white man was denied admission however having better grades and test scores than the minorities the case was brought to the Supreme Court where they decided that racial quotas were illegal but that race could be considered as one of the factors in the admissions decision as long as schools sought to obtain a diverse student body Street Law This case became the legal basis for colleges affirmative action programs but has come under increasing challenge since Following currently there are two cases concerning policies at the University of Michigan undergraduate and law schools that may eventually
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