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HIVAIDS and Multiple Bereavement Is the psychological impact of multiple loss intensified by social factors The advent of AIDS has created a new population of people who suffer multiple bereavements as well as threats to their own lives Murray-Parkes 1998 p xii The populations most affected by HIVAIDS live in two geographical locations the USA and Africa WHO 1998 In 1997 four million people in the Sub-Saharan Africa were newly reported as having seropositive status WHO 1998 In North America this figure was 44 thousand WHO 1998 Seropositive rates among Gay men in New York City are reported at 36 to 67 Dean L 1995 Infection rates amongst young urban males in Uganda range from 20 to 30 Seeley Kajura 1995 With these high figures and similar infection rates among males in mind this essay will discuss the relationship between social factors and the psychological impact of multiple loss in an international context The evidence I have considered principally comes from Uganda and the USA which will allow me to evaluate the commonality of experience and the usefulness of theories on multiple loss in differing cultural and economic situations The impact of the HIV virus is such that it creates a cycle of never ending perpetual grieving for individuals affected by HIVAIDS and the professionals who care for them Cho Cassidy 1994 p274 Yet there seems to be no significant relationship between the number of individual losses and the intensity of the grief experienced Cherney Verney 1996 Cho Cassidy 1994 Cherney Verney 1996 also found that there was no correlation between age and intensity of grief This is unexpected since younger individuals are expected to show a higher intensity of reaction to grief Sherr L 1995 Discussing this issue Ankrah 1991 and Seeley Kajura 1995 suggest that young people may have become habituated to multiple loss because
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