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Do Mothers and Fathers typically seek to socialize children into conventional masculinity and femininity Whether you are born male or female will be of major consequence for all aspects of your life for the expectations others in society will have of you for your treatment by other people and for your own behavior This is true no matter what society someone is born into although the consequences will vary from society to society Virtually all societies are organized on the basis of gender differences between men and women It is generally accepted that boys and girls are socialized differently in our culture Perhaps parents are consciously aware of their molding of the child to meet specific sex role standards and much of the differential treatment handed out is a reflection of the adults own life history their firm sex role socialization dimming awareness of its generation replication While biological evidence contributes to our understanding of the origins of gender differences another route to take is the study of gender socialization the learning of gender roles through social factors such as the family Medical technology like an ultrasound enables the identification of sexual difference even before birth When the sex of the fetus is known the construction of such a difference is extended to life in the womb Parents can then actively construct the fetus as a gender identity This occurs through choosing gender appropriate names discussing and purchasing gender appropriate clothing such as pink clothes for girl babies and by ascribing specific attributes such as tiny baby girl to the fetus according to the sex Knowledge of the sex of a fetus therefore extends possibilities for the ways in which mothers and fathers begin constructing gender realities about their offspring Luria and Rubin 1973 have shown that stereotypes even influence adults perceptions of newborn babies When viewed for the first time in the hospital infants known to be boys are seen
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