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William Wundt born in Baden Germany on August 16 1832 was the son of a Lutheran pastor He was quite the studious boy and solitary at that At the ripe age of 19 he was sent to Tubingen Heidelburg and Berlin to study medicine Despite his familys wishes he was more interested in the science what makes people tick then a medical career Wundt became assistant professor at Heidelburg in 1864 and three years later developed a course called physiological psychology This class studied the area between physiology and psychology This philosophy would eventually develop into his major publishing The Principals of Physiological Psychology which was released in 1873 and 1874 Wundt like most others of his time fully believed in the Spinozan idea of psychophysical parallelism This is the thought that every physical event has a mental counterpart and every mental event has a physical counterpart He also noted that the availability of a measurable stimuli and reactions could make psychological events open to something such as experimental tactic This opposed belief of all earlier philosophers such as Kant Wundt developed a method to contemplate ones own thoughts feelings and sensations He said that the researcher should carefully observe some simple event one that could be measured to a quality intensity or duration He should then record all responses to those events Dont forget that in German philosophy of that time all sensations were considered physiological events and therefore they were internal to the mind even though sensation is something that is outside the mind In todays time what we might call observation was called Wundt introspection back in the day After founding this idea Wundt continued on to become chair of inductive philosophy at Zurich in 1874 then professor of philosophy at Leipzig where he remained for the next 45 years In 1875 a separate classroom was set aside for his experimentation in sensation and perception We celebrate
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