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Stphane Mallarm a French poet became one of the most important masters of French symbolism a nineteenth-century movement in poetry that stressed impressions and moods rather than descriptions of reality Online The poetry of Charles Baudelaire Arthur Rimbaud Paul Verlaine and others strongly affected Mallarms writing Online He used symbolism to represent human emotions to make his poems unclear thus avoiding direct communication with his readers Online World Book 110111 Mallarm was born in Paris on March 18 1842 Online After his mother died when he was seven years old his grandmother became his parental role model His education included upper-class boarding schools where he often felt out of place because of his middle class background When he was fifteen the death of his younger sister Maria greatly influenced his poetic development He turned from Romantic lyricism to much more morbid subjects like Baudelaires Les fleurs du mal In 1860 he received his baccalaureate degree from a lycee in Sens After an apprenticeship in the Registrys office in 1862 he had his first sonnet published in Le papillon a literary journal In 1862 Mallarm married Maria Gerhard and became a teacher in TournonThe difficult duties of teaching often interrupted his poetic work and thoughts Although his students made fun of him Mallarm was not discouraged and continued his writing After translating Edgar Allan Poes English poems into French Mallarms chief influence became Poe rather than Baudelaire He began to compose long imaginative poems and a prose poem called Herodiade the biblical story of Salome who caused John the Baptists murder Then he wrote his best-known poem LAprs-midi dun faune Afternoon of a Faun which explores the difference between reality and fantasy World Book 110111After moving to Paris in 1875 and becoming a teacher at College Rollin Mallarm began to associate with such famous French poets as Theodore de Banville Paul Verlaine and Gustave Kahn Online These and others visited him on Tuesday evenings les
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